Welcome to the
Positive Organizational Psychology (POP) Lab

Dr. Charlotte Fritz

The Positive Organizational Psychology (POP) Lab is led by Dr. Charlotte Fritz, an Associate Professor in Industrial and Organizational Psychology at Portland State University.

About Dr. Fritz

Dr.Fritz Profile

Dr. Charlotte Fritz is an Associate Professor in Industrial and Organizational (I/O) Psychology and a faculty member within the Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) Graduate Training Program at Portland State University (PSU). She graduated with her Ph.D. in I/O Psychology from the University of Braunschweig, Germany, in 2005, held a position as Assistant Professor in I/O Psychology at Bowling Green State University from 2005 to 2009, and has been at PSU since 2009.

She has studied employees in a variety of industries and countries to better understand what keeps employees happy, healthy, engaged, and productive. Specifically, she examines the interplay between employee experiences at work and those outside of work. For example, how do experiences outside of work (e.g., sleep, mental disengagement from work, relaxation, or mastery experiences) during different types of work breaks (i.e., vacations, weekends, evenings) impact employees in the workplace? Which work experiences and practices impact employee even outside of work? How can employees be supported (e.g., by their supervisors or spouses) in recovery from work demands? How does replenishing energy outside of work impact employee well-being, engagement, and performance in the workplace? How can positively connecting and engaging with work facilitate employee thriving?

Dr. Fritz’s research has been published in outlets such as the Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Management, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Journal of Organizational Behavior, and Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. She serves on the editorial boards of the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Journal of Management, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Occupational Health Science, and the Journal of Business and Psychology. She has received research funding from the Oregon Department of Corrections, the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center (a NIOSH Center of Excellence), and the USDA Forest Service. Her work has been featured in media outlets such as Harvard Business Review, Wall Street Journal, Oprah Magazine, and The Oregonian.


Topics of Study

We study a variety of topics in the context of positive organizational psychology. Below are some of our recent research projects.

Recovery From Work Demands During Nonwork Time

Nonwork time provides the opportunity to recharge one’s battery becoming apparent in better well-being and performance capacity. We have studied this in a variety of ways. For example, we have examined antecedents as well as outcomes of employee nonwork experiences. Furthermore, in several of the published research listed below we have examined how the role of specific positive nonwork experiences (such as mentally detaching from work, relaxation, or a sense of mastery) can help alleviate some of the negative outcomes associated with work demands and stressors.

Here’s what we have published on this topic recently:

Fritz, C. & Taylor, M. (in press). Detaching from and reattaching to work: The dance of work-nonwork balance. Organizational Dynamics. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2019.04.010

Debus, M., Fritz, C., & Philipp M. (2019). A story of gains and losses: Intra-individual shifts in job characteristics and well-being when transitioning to a managerial role. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34, 637-655. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-018-9604-3

Shepherd, B. R., Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., Guros, F., & Meier, D. (2019). Emotional demands and alcohol use in corrections: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24, 438-449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000114

Fritz, C. & Demsky, C. (2019). Nonwork time as individual resource building: A literature review and research agenda. In Burke, R. & Richardsen A. (Eds.). Creating psychologically healthy workplaces (pp. 133- 151). Northampton: Edward Elgar.

Sonnentag, S., & Fritz, C. (2018). Recovery from work. In N. Anderson, D. S. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & V. Chockalingam (Eds.). Handbook of Industrial, Work, & Organizational Psychology (pp. 471-482). London: Sage.


Reattachment to Work at the Beginning of the Workday

After short and long work breaks it is important for employees to tune back into work to ensure high levels of task focus and work engagement. Thus, we have examined the links between reattaching (i.e., mentally reconnecting with work before actually engaging in work tasks) to work in the morning and employee outcomes throughout the workday such as vitality, task accomplishment, and positive leadership.

Here’s what we have published on this topic recently:

Fritz, C. & Taylor, M. (in press). Detaching from and reattaching to work: The dance of work-nonwork balance. Organizational Dynamics. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2019.04.010

Sonnentag, S., Eck, K., Fritz, C., & Kühnel, J. (2019). Morning Reattachment to Work and Work Engagement During the Day: A Look at Day-Level Mediators. Journal of Management. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206319829823


(In)Civility and Employee Outcomes

Workplace civility is important for employee well-being and organizational functioning. In our research we have examined relationships between (in)civility and employee outcomes outside of work. Our findings indicate links between experienced workplace incivility and increased distress (on the same and the following workday), negative work rumination during nonwork hours, and impaired sleep (for the employee and their spouse/partner). However, our research also indicates that positive experiences at work (i.e., high levels of job autonomy) and outside of work (i.e., the ability to mentally detach from work) can help alleviate the relationship between incivility and these outcomes.

Here’s what we have published on this topic recently:

Demsky, C. A., Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., & Black, A. E. (2019). Workplace incivility and employee sleep: The role of rumination and recovery experiences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24, 228 – 240. Advance online publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000116

Fritz, C., Park, Y., & Shepherd, B. R. (2019). Workplace incivility ruins my sleep and yours: The costs of being in a work-linked relationship. Occupational Health Science, 3, 1-21. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41542-018-0030-8

Park, Y., Fritz, C., & Jex, S. M. (2018). Daily cyber incivility and distress: The moderating roles of resources at work and home. Journal of Management, 44, 2535-2557. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206315576796


Publications Since 2015

Fritz, C. & Taylor, M. (in press). Detaching from and reattaching to work: The dance of work-nonwork balance. Organizational Dynamics. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2019.04.010

Debus, M., Fritz, C., & Philipp M. (2019). A story of gains and losses: Intra-individual shifts in job characteristics and well-being when transitioning to a managerial role. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34, 637-655. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-018-9604-3

Shepherd, B. R., Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., Guros, F., & Meier, D. (2019). Emotional demands and alcohol use in corrections: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24, 438-449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000114

Sonnentag, S., Eck, K., Fritz, C., & Kühnel, J. (2019). Morning Reattachment to Work and Work Engagement During the Day: A Look at Day-Level Mediators. Journal of Management. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206319829823

Fritz, C. & Demsky, C. (2019). Nonwork time as individual resource building: A literature review and research agenda. In Burke, R. & Richardsen A. (Eds.). Creating psychologically healthy workplaces (pp. 133- 151). Northampton: Edward Elgar.

Demsky, C. A., Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., & Black, A. E. (2019). Workplace incivility and employee sleep: The role of rumination and recovery experiences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24, 228 – 240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000116

Fritz, C., Park, Y., & Shepherd, B. R. (2019). Workplace incivility ruins my sleep and yours: The costs of being in a work-linked relationship. Occupational Health Science, 3, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41542-018-0030-8

Auten, D. & Fritz, C. (2018). Mental health at work: How mindfulness adds in more ways than one. Organizational Dynamics, 48, 98-104. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2018.04.001

Sonnentag, S., & Fritz, C. (2018). Recovery from work. In N. Anderson, D. S. Ones, H. K. Sinangil, & V. Chockalingam (Eds.). Handbook of industrial, work, & organizational Psychology (pp. 471-482). London: Sage.

Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., Guros, F., Shepherd, B. R., & Meier, D. (2018). On Guard: The Costs of Work-Related Hypervigilance in the Correctional Setting. Occupational Health Science, 2, 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41542-018-0010-z

Park, Y., Fritz, C., & Jex, S. M. (2018). Daily cyber incivility and distress: The moderating roles of resources at work and home. Journal of Management, 44, 2535-2557. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206315576796

Fritz, C., & Crain, T. (2016). Recovery from work and employee sleep: Understanding the role of experiences and activities outside of work. In Barling, J., Barnes, C. M., Wagner, D.T., Carleton, E. L. (Eds.). Sleep and Work (pp. 55-76). New York: Oxford University Press.

Park, Y. & Fritz, C. (2015). Spousal recovery support, recovery experiences, and life satisfaction crossover among dual-earner couples. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100, 557-566. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0037894

Sonnentag, S., & Fritz, C. (2015). Recovery from job stress: The stressor-detachment model as an integrative framework. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36, 72-103. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.1924


To see more publications by Dr. Fritz, please visit her Google Scholar Page

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Current Graduate Students

Morgan Taylor

Morgan Taylor

Morgan is from Grand Rapids, Michigan and received her B.A. in Psychology from the University of South Florida (USF) in 2018. She is currently a third-year doctoral student in PSU’s Applied I-O Psychology Program and is interested in examining how employees maintain their energy, specifically examining how employee work breaks (during work and non-work time) positively impact psychological health, engagement, and performance outcomes. Morgan is also a graduate leader for Future Leaders of Industrial Organizational Psychology (FLIOP), an undergraduate organization devoted to spreading awareness about I-O psychology on PSU’s campus. In Morgan’s free time, she enjoys hanging outdoors with her dog, playing volleyball, and going on hikes.

Samantha Getzen

Samantha Getzen

Samantha is a third-year I-O psychology doctoral student at Portland State, with a concentration in Occupational Health Psychology. She is originally from Scottsdale, Arizona and graduated Summa Cum Laude with Honors from the University of Arizona in 2018 with a B.A. in Psychology. She is interested in positive organizational psychology employee well-being. More specifically, mindfulness, engagement, recovery from work, and employee mental health.

Fernanda Wolburg

Fernanda Wolburg

Fernanda is a first-year graduate student at Portland State University. She is originally from Rocky Point, Mexico and obtained her B.A. in Psychology from Northern Arizona University. Her research interests consist of cross-cultural studies as well as work-life balance. She has already conducted one project that has looked into work-family conflict among employees in Mexico and the U.S. She would like to continue learning about the organizational cultures of these two countries throughout her career. In her free time, Fernanda likes to travel, go indoor rock climbing, and spend time with her pets.


Lab Alumni

Allison M. Ellis, Ph.D.

Allison M. Ellis, Ph.D.


Assistant Professor of Management and Human Resources

California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Bing Chun Lin, Ph.D.

Bing Chun Lin, Ph.D.


Talent Acquisition Metrics & Analytics Team Leader

International Business Machines (IBM)

Frankie Guros, Ph.D.

Frankie Guros, Ph.D.


People Research Scientist

Facebook

Caitlin Demsky, Ph.D.

Caitlin Demsky, Ph.D.


Assistant Professor of Management

Oakland University

Brittnie Shepherd, Ph.D.

Brittnie Shepherd, Ph.D.


Leadership Specialist

Russell Reynolds Associates

Dana Auten, Ph.D.

Dana Auten, Ph.D.


People Scientist

Predictive Index

Join the POP Lab

Undergraduate Students

Volunteering as an undergraduate research assistant is a great way to gain valuable research experience and develop new skills. Research experience is a key factor that can set you apart when applying to graduate programs. We expect undergraduate research assistants to have completed introductory statistics and research methods courses. If you are interested in working in the POP Lab, please contact Morgan Taylor at [email protected] to see if there are any current research opportunities. 

Prospective Graduate Students

Dr. Fritz will not be accepting students for the 2021-2022 academic year. Please note the program is looking to generally accept prospective applicants.

Please visit PSU’s Department Psychology page for more information about the PhD program in Applied Industrial Organizational Psychology.

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